Edinburgh is a city in the south-east of Scotland on the southern shore of the Firth of Forth. With a population of 495,360 in 2011, it is the capital city of Scotland and seat of the Scottish Parliament and Scottish Government.
Attracting over one million overseas visitors a year, Edinburgh is the second most popular tourist destination in the United Kingdom after London, and was voted 'European Destination of the Year' at the World Travel Awards 2012. The city hosts several annual festivals including the Edinburgh International Festival, the Edinburgh Fringe and the Edinburgh International Book Festival. Other annual events include the Hogmanay street party and the Beltane Fire Festival.
While the city originally formed on and around the famous Castle Rock, the modern city is often said to be built on seven hills, namely Castle Rock, Calton Hill, Corstorphine Hill, Craiglockhart Hill, the Braid Hills, Blackford Hill and Arthur's Seat.
Edinburgh was named European Best Large City of the Future for Foreign Direct Investment and Best Large City for Foreign Direct Investment Strategy in the Financial Times fDi magazine awards 2012/13. The city has the UK's strongest economy outside London and has won more than 12 UK Best City Awards in 8 years to 2013. Residents' satisfaction with the city is 92%, the highest of any city surveyed by MORI.
Edinburgh is the world's first UNESCO City of Literature and due to the historical character of much of the city centre, comprising the Old Town and New Town, is recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[Source]